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Our Research

Alexandra Dobson, LLM, LLB, Senior fellow of the Higher Education Academy, Director of the Business Accountability and Responsibility Centre. Alex is editor of the International Journal of Law and Management. An important aspect of this role is the review of research papers for publication. Where possible, the work of members of BARC has been showcased in special editions and this has been particularly important for new researchers.

Her own research focuses on corporate manslaughter and she has written extensively on this subject and lectured and presented at conferences across the world.

Recent Papers and conference presentations:

  • Dobson, A. 2020,  Corporate Manslaughter: International Perspectives,  International Journal of Research in Business and Management, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 51-72. 
  • Dobson, A. Causation in complex cases: corporate manslaughter in the shadow of Grenfell Tower. Alexandra Dobson (Wiserd Annual Conference  (June 2019), University of South Wales.
  • The Section 45 Defence under the Modern Slavery Act 2015. How effective is it in protecting children? Under review for the Journal of Human Trafficking.
  • Dobson, A., Counsell, K., O'Reilly, K., Shariat, S., Hale.S. 2019, The Grenfell Tower Project – An Interdisciplinary study. Conference Presentation
  • Dobson, A. & Shariat, S. , 2019, Storytelling, Corporate Social Responsibility and Establishing Duties of Care, South Wales Business School Conference, University of South Wales, UK.
Dr Sadaf Shariat, LLB, LLM, MBA, PGCAP, PhD Fellow of the Higher Education Academy.
 
Dr Sadaf Shariat is a Lecturer in Law, based in the USW Business School. She is currently Module Leader for Information Technology Law and Patent Law courses taught on an LLM programme in Intellectual Property Law which is delivered by the University of South Wales exclusively to patent and trademark examiners at the UK Intellectual Property Office. She is also a lecturer of Frameworks of European and International Law (LLM), Law and Order (LLM) and Legislative and Professional Issues (MSc Project Management). Sadaf has a PhD in European and International Intellectual Property Law from Durham Law School, PGCert in Academic Practice from Durham University’s School of Education and an MBA in Corporate Social Responsibility from Nottingham University’s School of Business. Her PhD proposed a concept-theoretic position for the commercialisation of new technologies and to reconcile competing rights in EU patent law. She is a former deputy convenor of Durham CELLS (Centre for Ethics and Law in the Life Sciences) and has previously contributed to the delivery of Intellectual Property Law, European Constitutional Law, and Commercial Law modules at Durham Law School (2014–2017). She is also a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (HEA).

Sadaf’s research is interdisciplinary, in law, business and moral philosophy. Currently, her research focuses on the business and legal and ethical implications of new technologies. She has a particular interest in the study of intellectual property rights and human rights in the age of Artificial Intelligence. Many of her research projects have focused on European and international IP debates and human rights issues within the context of biotechnology business and the healthcare sector. Within this field, her latest research entitled ‘Generic Consistency in United States Patent Law: A Concept-theoretic Framework for Biotechnological Patents’ will be published in Volume 9 of British Journal of American Legal Studies. Within the field of patent law, business accountability and the commercialisation of biotechnological inventions, she has presented her research at a wide variety of international conferences. Most recently her paper ‘Balancing Economic Benefits and Human Rights in European Patent Law: A Co-operative Model of Relationship’ was presented at the 8th International Conference on Information Law & Ethics. In the context of AI in the healthcare sector, she recently presented her research entitled ‘Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare: How Ready Is the UK for Digital Health?’ at the 8th International Conference on Law and Society: Law in The Digitalization Era. With a group of IP experts, a paper (or more) based on this conference paper is in preparation for publication. Her research in business studies mainly focuses on Corporate Social Responsibility and Social Enterprise.


She has also written and presented papers on the impact of environmental CSR initiatives in climate change. Together with Alex Dobson, the Director of BARC and expert in Corporate Manslaughter, she presented a research on recent case law on CSR and liability of multinationals for environmental harm entitled ‘Storytelling, Corporate Social Responsibility and Establishing Duties of Care’ at the USW Business School conference. She also delivered a talk at a BARC event in May 2019 entitled ‘Law, Climate Change and Corporate Social Responsibility after the Paris Agreement’. Most recently, she has co-authored a paper (and co-presented at 8th International Conference on Social Responsibility, Ethics and Sustainable Business 2019) to analyse Social enterprise and Corporate Social Responsibility literature.


She has supervised postgraduate research in the broad area of new technologies in Law and Business, particularly in artificial intelligence, and legal and ethical issues with intellectual property. Sadaf welcomes applications from students who wish to complete MPhils, PhDs or Master’s level dissertations in Law or Business in the above areas and in Corporate Governance, Corporate Social Responsibility and Social Enterprise, Jurisprudential Foundations of Corporate and Commercial Law, Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) and Biotechnology and the law and regulation of Information Technology.

Publications

  • Shariat. S. (2020) Generic Consistency in United States Patent Law: A Concept-theoretic Framework for Biotechnological Patents, British Journal of American Legal Studies, Volume 9 (forthcoming).
  • Shariat, S. & Khamseh, Z (2019), ‘Fruits of the Same Tree’? A Systematic Review of Corporate Social Responsibility and Social Enterprise Literature, the 8th International Conference on Social Responsibility, Ethics and Sustainable Business, University of Minho, Portugal.
  • Shariat. S. (2019) Dealing with the Questions of Property and Intellectual Property in Biotechnological Inventions: Alan Gewirth and the Principle of Generic Consistency, Fifth Annual Conference of the Centre for the Study of Global Ethics, ‘Bodies and Embodiment’, 30-31 May 2019, University of Birmingham, UK.
  • Dobson, A & Shariat, S. (2019) Storytelling, Corporate Social Responsibility and Establishing Duties of Care, South Wales Business School Conference, University of South Wales, UK.
  • Shariat S. (2019) Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare: How Ready Is the UK for Digital Health? , the 8th International Conference on Law and Society: Law in the Digitalization Era, Istanbul, Turkey.
  • Shariat S. (2019) Law, Climate Change and Corporate Social Responsibility after the Paris Agreement, Business Accountability and Responsibility Centre (BARC), School of Law, Accounting and Finance, Faculty of Business and Society, University of South Wales, UK.
  • Shariat S. (2019) Law, Artificial Intelligence and Emerging Technologies: the Way Forward, School of Law, Accounting and Finance, Faculty of Business and Society, University of South Wales, UK.
  • Shariat S. (2018) Balancing Economic Benefits and Human Rights in European Patent law: A Co-operative Model of Relationship, 8th International Conference on Information Law & Ethics, Modern Intellectual Property Governance and Openness in Europe: A Long and Winding Road? University of Antwerp, Belgium.
  • Shariat S. (2018) Generic Consistency in United States Patent Law: A Concept-theoretic Framework for Biotechnological Patents, Faculty of Business and Society Lecture Series, University of South Wales, UK.
  • Shariat S. (2015) Commercialisation of Gamete Donor Selection Technologies: A Case Study of 23andMe’s Designer Baby Patent from an EU Perspective. The Centre for the Study of Bioethics and the Hastings Center Enhancing Understanding of Enhancement International Conference. Belgrade, Serbia.
  • Shariat S. (2015) Wide Margin of Appreciation or Strict Interpretation Test: Reconciliation of Conflicting Rights in EU Patent Law. Durham European Law Institute (DELI) and the Cambridge Centre for European Legal Studies (CELS) Joint Conference 2015: Igniting European Law – Frameworks for the Future. Durham University, UK.
  • Shariat S. (2015) The Margin of Appreciation Doctrine: Analysis of Intersection between Law and Morality in Medical Law, Gender, and Human Rights. In Durham Centre for Ethics and Law in the Life Sciences (CELLS) and Centre for Gender and Law at Durham (GLAD) PGR workshop. Durham University, UK.
  • Shariat S. (2015) “To treat or not to treat?”: An Exploratory Study of Medical Practitioners’ Perspective on Clinical Ethics in Stem Cell Therapies. In Challenges in Research Ethics- Institute of Ethics and History of Medicine. Tubingen University, Germany.
  • Shariat S. (2015) A Malaysian Perspective on Commercialisation of hESC Research, The Future of Commercial Law-The Institute of Commercial and Corporate Law (ICCL). Durham University, UK.
  • Shariat S. (2015) Constitutional Interpretation of United States Patent Law: A Case of Compliance or Contradiction? In Durham Centre for Ethics and Law in the Life Sciences, Annual Conference. Durham University, UK.
  • Shariat S. (2014) The Papua New Guinea Human T-lymphotropic Virus Patent: Suggested Concept-theoretic Position for EPO/ CJEU. Durham Centre for Ethics and Law in the Life Sciences, Annual Conference. Durham University, UK.
  • Shariat S. (2011) Patients’ Health, Safety and Trust in Stem Cell-based Therapies. In International Conference on Consumer Law, Social Justice & Consumer Law, p. 36-47. Malaysia.
  • Shariat, S. (2011) Response to Global Ethical Concerns Regarding Patentability of Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research, International Conference on Management (ICM 2011), Malaysia.
  • Shariat S. (2011) A Case Study on Corporate Social Responsibility in Pharmaniaga Using Carroll’s Framework, International Vision Journal (January-June). 1-10.

The project focuses on considering the legal, ethical and corporate social responsibility issues arising in complex supply chains. Several members of the Centre including Erich Hou, Kathleen O’Reilly, Sadaf Shariat, Brian Telford, Alexandra Dobson and Jared Davies are involved in this project.

The research focuses on the role of business from a human rights perspective with particular emphasis on the innovative approach being adopted in Wales. Alexandra Dobson and Hannah Coburn are involved in this project.

This project is focused on teaching and learning and the participants are Alexandra Dobson, Karen Counsell, Kathleen O'Reilly, Sadaf Shariat, Sara Hale.


The research here traces the way in which colleagues worked together with their students to develop a teaching and research based project on the LLM Laws. The project spanned a complete programme of study. Colleagues combined their different areas of legal expertise to provide an examination of the tragedy of the fire at Grenfell Tower.

The inspiration for the project was to find subject material that could illuminate the multiple causes that arise in such a disaster. Thus, students learning different aspects of law could come to see the way discrete disciplines were connected. Staff worked together to design assessments that could encompass the interconnected nature of the project and to emphasise that although the Grenfell Tower fire was a domestic tragedy, the legal implications have an international dimension.

The project involved a two-week induction phase with students provided with input from lecturers but also asked to work autonomously. The results of the project were showcased at the Learning and Teaching conference at the University f South wales in June 2019. The participants in the project are now working on a joint paper and the Grenfell Fire Project is running again this year.

Shariat. S. (2019) Dealing with the Questions of Property and Intellectual Property in Biotechnological Inventions: Alan Gewirth and the Principle of Generic Consistency, Fifth Annual Conference of the Centre for the Study of Global Ethics, ‘Bodies and Embodiment’, 30-31 May 2019, University of Birmingham, UK.

Shariat S. (2019) Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare: How Ready Is the UK for Digital Health? The 8th International Conference on Law and Society: Law in the Digitalization Era, Istanbul, Turkey.

Shariat S. (2018) Balancing Economic Benefits and Human Rights in European Patent law: A Co-operative Model of Relationship, 8th International Conference on Information Law & Ethics, Modern Intellectual Property Governance and Openness in Europe: A Long and Winding Road? University of Antwerp, Belgium.

Dobson, A & Shariat, S. (2019) Storytelling, Corporate Social Responsibility and Establishing Duties of Care, South Wales Business School Conference, University of South Wales, UK.

Shariat S. (2019) Law, Climate Change and Corporate Social Responsibility after the Paris Agreement, Business Accountability and Responsibility Centre (BARC), School of Law, Accounting and Finance, Faculty of Business and Society, University of South Wales, UK.


Dobson, A. Corporate Manslaughter: International Perspectives. Wednesday at One, (January 2019).


Shariat S. (2019) Law, Artificial Intelligence and Emerging Technologies: the Way Forward, School of Law, Accounting and Finance, Faculty of Business and Society, University of South Wales, UK.


  •  Briefing /workshop at the Palace of Westminster on the Sentencing Council Definitive Guidelines for Health and Safety Offences, Corporate Manslaughter and Food Safety and Hygiene Offences. Solicitor General attended, May 2016.

  • BARC Lecture Series: Counsel General for Wales Contribution to the application for the UN Global Compact. The University is now a signatory and is the first HEI in Wales to lead on the UN sustainability agenda in Wales and to provide assistance as a platform for business to act on global goals. The Material Dangers project was used to support the application. Material Dangers - the Bangladesh Textile Industry: a multi-disciplinary investigation. The ongoing research here explores interdisciplinary issues pertaining to the supply chain, Oct 2016.

  • Material Dangers Conference,  Business Accountability and Responsibility Centre, Nov 2016.

  • Spring Conference 2017, Business Accountability and Responsibility Centre. The theme was ‘Ethical Business' and the conference explored ways in which businesses could respond to the challenges of maximising profit but also operate in a socially responsible way. Speakers explored key areas such as supply chain liability, transparency and corporate governance, April 2017.
  •  Law, Climate Change and Corporate Social Responsibility after the Paris Agreement, Business Accountability and Responsibility Centre (BARC),  March 2019.

  • BARC Postgraduate Conference on Accountability and emerging Technologies, 9:00 to 13:00, TRTC013 Moot Court, Ty Crawshay, University of South Wales, November 2019.



BARC Invited Speaker Series: 'Why Ethics Matters in a Business Crises: A Case Study of Korean air Nut Rage Scandal', Wednesday 17 February 2021, 1:00 pm. Professor Rebecca Chunghee Kim.

Rebecca Chunghee Kim is Professor of Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University (APU) in Japan. She was Visiting Scholar of University of California, Berkeley (2019-2020). Previously she taught at University of Nottingham Malaysia, University of Strathclyde and University of Edinburgh UK on Business Ethics, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Management of International Relationships, International Management, Management across Cultures, International Human Resource Management, and so on.

Rebecca will lead a conversation with students of the Univerity of South Wales to explore why ethics matters for business survival and sustainability and how to find new and innovative ways to build management strategy during crises. 

APU

https://researcher.apu.ac.jp/apuhp/KgApp?resId=S001542&Language=2

Google Scholar

https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=_WoS1OoAAAAJ&hl=en

BARC Invited Speaker Series: 'The Regulatory Aspects of Smart Contracts on Blockchains', Wednesday 24 February 2021, 1:00 pm, Dr Pardis Moslemzadeh Tehrani, Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Law, University of Malaya, Malaysia. 

Umexpert

https://umexpert.um.edu.my/pardismoslemzadeh

Google Scholar

https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=g0hINb8AAAAJ&hl=en


BARC Invited Speaker Series: 'Recent Developments in the Pursuit of Money Laundering', Wednesday 3 March 2021, 1:00 pm. 

Andrew Baker is a Lecturer at the University of South Wales, joining the team from LJMU on the 1st December 2020, responsible for the delivery of the Contract Law and Company Law modules. Andrew’s research and interest areas include regulatory structures applicable to UK banks, contract law and financial crime, and has published articles and book chapters in these areas. This presentation will look at the development of the AML regime in the UK with some focus on the emergence of the UWO and the controversies they bring.

BARC Invited Speaker Series: 'Multinational Corporations and Transparency: What Are the Limits?', Wednesday 10 March 2021, 2:00 pm, Dr Mehmet Ozyurek, Lecturer in Law, Yalova Univerity Law School and MEF University, Turkey. 




BARC Invited Speaker Series: ' Workers and their Human Rights', Wednesday 10 March 2021, 1:00 pm, Dr Rob Wilks, Senior Lecturer in Legal Practice, University of South Wales.